Inception meeting

Conduct meeting involving the heads of NMHS in SAR to brief about the project and receive feedbacks and strategies to implement the project effectively.

Formation and functioning of SAHF Executive Council and Working Groups (WGs).

Facilitate the formation of an EC to be responsible for overall program oversight, establishing annual objectives and goals, encouraging full participation of their staff in the activities of the program, and implementing program outcomes within their own NMHS and supporting the EC for:

  • liaising with staff of the South Asia NMHS and regional institutions
  • liaising with external (non-South Asia) institutions
  • Developing the annual work plan with the guidance of the EC and on their behalf
  • Facilitating working group sessions.
  • Leading development of curricula for training.
  • Organizing training activities.
  • Contributing technical expertise to working groups.
  • Carrying-out the training requirements with external experts as needed.
  • Managing the involvement of external experts.
  • And managing an operational portal and open communication among South Asia forecasters and other practitioners.

Four WGs shall be constituted on the following areas. The WGs shall have experts from the NMHS itself, from the region and from the global/regional center for excellence.

1.Impact Based Forecasting and Warning Services
2.Numerical Weather Prediction
3.Observational Network
4.Capacity Development

Working paper preparation

Lead the regional study for preparation of a working paper for each WG and prepare a draft working paper and consult with WG for finalizing them once the WG is formed and functional. The Working paper is expected to provide recommendation for the 10-year road map and expected target of the NMHS capacity building initiative for the Working Groups. This working paper shall serve as blueprint/basis for the web portal design and all the capacity development activities for NMHS staffs.
As part of the Working paper preparation, a training-need Assessment shall be conducted to identify the thematic areas and contents of the training programs for different levels of NMHS staffs. The training need assessment shall capture the baseline, i.e., existing capacity of human resources, equipment, and ICT Tools, and expected capacity with NMHS after this TA is implemented. Further assessment shall be conducted through survey questionnaire, consultation meeting (remote/in-person) with EC, WG, and NMHS Staffs.

The working paper shall serve as regional approach document for achieving the targets in the next five years through this TA.

Operationalizing South Asia Forecasters Coordination Bench – The knowledge hub

A South Asia Forecasters Coordination Bench shall be constituted with Knowledge Hub to support data sharing, data analytics, data visualization, ensemble forecast products, continued education module development and on-job training, online forum discussion, conference call support.
The knowledge hub integrates information, people, data, and processes across organizational boundaries in a web-based environment. It provides a secure unified access point, and a decentralized approach for content contribution and management, and is designed to aggregate and personalize information through specific requirements. The backbone of a knowledge base includes a:

  • Knowledge repository, which holds the repository of approaches, tools, technologies, strategies, good practices, and lessons learned on vulnerability reduction, hazard early warning, emergency preparedness and response, risk mitigation, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and recovery
  • Data mining and Metadata management, with management of the metadata and meta-information.
  • Learning management system, which facilitates as a physical interface for acquiring and sharing knowledge.


Development of Training Modules

The working paper series and the regional approach document and training needs assessment shall form the basis for designing and developing the training program. A major limitation in improving and sustaining meteorological and hydrological services is human capital. To address this we need to

  • increase the availability of tailor-made training, which allows for and expects staff to rotate in and out of posts. The training shall be tailored for different level of forecasters, i.e. Chief Forecasters, Senior/Mid-level Forecasters, Entry level Forecasters.
  • The key areas for training program are NWP Modeling, Interpretation of NWP, probabilistic forecast products, forecast verification, post-processing, advisory/warning formulation, and risk communication, understanding the principles and practices of impact-based forecasting and warning services, ICT tools, system maintenance, database management, AWS installation, operation and maintenance.

The training on improving the forecasting systems and services shall focus on using the available ensemble products through global/regional modeling centers such as European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), India Meteorological Department (IMD), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and evaluate for their region of interest.

Scheduling and Implementing Training Program

In-person Training program:
Once the tailor-made training program is developed, in coordination with NMHS to get the participants nominated for the training program. The training program shall be conducted for three different level of forecasters as discussed below.

1.Senior Officers/Chief Forecasters
Training for chief forecasters shall cover new technologies, setting a vision for future, regional collaboration
2.Mid-level Officers/Forecasters
Training for mid-level forecasters shall be for 5 days, which can cover topics on new technologies and tools, improving forecast products, forecast verification, post-processing, impact-based forecasting, specific action to understand and overcome challenges through regional cooperation
3.Entry level Officers/Forecasters
Training for entry level officers shall be for 2 weeks. The program shall provide a week of foundation training on forecasting basis, statistics and a week training on NWP/EPS forecasts and their interpretation, forecast uncertainty, forecast verification, synoptic climatology of the region, advances and practical tools